HARMONY IN FAMILY – A family is a social group characterized by common residence, economics, cooperation, and reproduction According to Mar dock ” A family is a set of people living together attached to each other with blood relations. This is heterogynous in nature and starts with marriage followed by the reproduction of generations, supported by economic and social bonds. ”
Functions of a Family
The family is a set of people and everyone in the family has a role to play. There are various responsibilities or functions of a family:
- Extension of Family
- Children Care
- Old Age Caring
- Physical Protection
- Cultural & Religious
Extension of Family
The basic responsibility of a married couple is to extend the family by way of reproduction. This is the basic need of a healthy society to extend the family. The children will form a bigger family and in turn, support society in many ways. So this is the responsibility of the married couple to extend the family.
The other foremost responsibility is to take care of children. The unit vastly depends upon a healthy and educated child. The focus should be to provide a healthy environment for kids to grow and proper education for them to survive in this world.
Money is an important factor. The earning member bears the responsibility to earn to take care of the family. The growing expenses have to be supported by earning income. This can only be done by constant efforts and full zeal.
Old Age Caring
The family not only consists of a married couple and children but also the generation older than them. This generation needs support and utmost care. The present generation is because of them. The responsibility for their health, food, shelter, and other related activities lies on the entire family.
The family works as a safeguard for each other family member against any possible attack. A well-stitched family takes care of the protection of all the members.
Cultural and Religious
The family should follow certain religious and cultural activities. This is the responsibility of the head of the family to teach moral, cultural, and religious aspects to all other members. This helps in creating a family heritage and customs.
Types of Family
The family is a very complex structure. This can not be explained by taking any single parameter. The actual classification can be broadly done on a different basis. The details are as follows:
- On the Basis of Marriage
- On the Basis of Nature of Residence
- On the basis of Ancestry or Descent Family
- On the basis of Size or Structure and the Depth of Generations
- On the basis of the Nature of Relations
On the Basis of Marriage
The family has been classified into three major types:
- Polygamous or Ploygynous Family
- Polyandrous family
- Monogamous family
Polygamous or Ploygynous Family: A polygamy is a form of marriage in which a person has more than one spouse at the same time. When a man has more than one wife, the relationship is called Polygyny; and when a woman has more than one husband, it is called polyandry.
Polyandrous family: Refers to a form of sexual union, in which a woman is married to two or more husbands at the same time. The form of polyandry in which a woman is married to two or more brothers is known as ” fraternal polyandry “, and it is believed by many anthropologists to be the most frequently encountered form.
Monogamous family: This refers to a single-spouse family.
On The Basis of the Nature of Residence:
Family can be classified into three main forms:
- Matrilocal Residence
- Patrilocal Residence
- Changing Residence
Matrilocal Residence: This type of family refers to the husband residing with the wife’s parents after marriage.
Patrilocal Residence: Patrilocal residence is structured by a rule that a man remains in his father’s house after reaching maturity and brings his wife to live with his family after marriage.
Changing Residence: This type of family refers to the family that keeps on changing their residence after marriage. They are not specific to one place and stay away from their ancestor place.
On The Basis of Ancestry or Descent Family:
Family can be classified into two main types:
- Matrilineal Family
- Patrilineal Family
Matrilineal Family: A matrilineal family is one that follows its ancestry and descendants through the maternal (mother’s) line rather than the paternal (father’s) line.
Patrilineal Family: A patriline is literally a father line; one’s patriline is one’s father and his father and his father add Infinitum, one’s a nearly infinite line of fathers.
On The Basis of Size or Structure and the Depth of Generations:
Family can be classified into two main types:
- Nuclear Family
- Joint Family
Nuclear Family: This is a small family unit of parents and children only.
Joint Family: A joint family can also be known as a complex family, parents and their children’s families often live under a single roof. This type of family often includes multiple generations in the family.
On The Basis of the Nature of Relations:
Family can be classified into two main parts:
- Conjugal Family
- Consanguine Family sex relationship.
The Conjugal Family: This type of family consists of adult members there exists.
Consanguine Family: This type of family consists of members among whom there exists a blood relationship – brother and sister, father and son, etc.
Harmony in Family Relations
Family feuds can cause depression, anxiety, sleeplessness, loss of appetite, sadness, confusion, and rage. No one wants to live like that! Here are some simple rules for turning family feuds into family fun.
Let’s understand, we are the responsible person of the family. We should know our responsibilities and family. very clearly without overlapping with others. This nature will bring a sense of belongingness.
Parents are a very important element of a family. The prime responsibility to run smooth family relations lies on the shoulder of parents so they need to be extra cautious. Parents are the real role models for the kids. They look at them with great hope. Their well-being depends largely on their parents’ conduct.
Children need strong emotional support along with adequate monetary support. Wording like- ” don’t worry my son, work hard we are with you ” can bring wonderful results. A healthy family environment is an essential requirement for a well-knit family.
Old generations like grandfathers and mothers are the real assets of the family. Complete respect can be translated into very good guidance for every member of the family. Remember that they carry a very rich experience with them that one can only get after spending so much time in life.
Learn to respect each other thoughts. Even small kid has some sort of self-respect. Treat every person in the family as important. Pay respect and get respect.
Never take relations as granted. Children most of the time take their parents’ guidance as granted. Remember parents know you better. They keep ignoring your small mistakes and try to give you time to correct them. But this doesn’t mean that they don’t know anything.
Take out some time to spend with every family member. If not possible daily at least in a week you can do this. This will make the bond strong.
Every individual carries their own personality. When our all fingers are not of identical size how can you think that all members will act in the same way? So never try to treat all with the same wavelength Adjust as per individual. Give every person space.
Dreams are very important for every person but not the cost of family. The idea should be acceptable to the majority of family members. Try to convince not impose. This will help.
The problem with relationships is that even if you do not like you have to live with them. The best way is to avoid any kind of disconnect and establish a dialogue. Solutions will bind to come. Even if you will not be able to convince at least you can save your family.
Family harmony is the basic foundation on which the entire edifice of social harmony is built.
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